Tags Posts tagged with "ireland"


Linguaenglish Dublin has been committed to providing excellence to students like you since 1988. We have helped thousands of people learn English in a warm and welcoming atmosphere. Based beside beautiful St Stephens Green you can be sure to enjoy the best of Dublin while you learn English with Dublin’s best teachers. Ireland is famous for it’s history, heritage and landscapes. Dublin is a very historic city on the east coast of Ireland within easy reach of beautiful beaches, mountains, and scenic hinterland. Our central location means we are very close to a wide range of historical sites, art galleries, as well as great pubs and restaurants.dublin

Our English courses aim to help students develop their language skills and communicate effectively in language. At our English school we provide some of the best teachers in Dublin. They are on hand to provide all the help and assistance you need, to achieve your goal in learning the English language. Our students come from all over the world – Europe, Asia, America and Africa. The reason why the students choose our school is simple our teaching methods that are both effective and fun. Students receive close and personal attention from our staff and teachers. Our school provides classes for students of all levels and all ages and our teachers are all experienced native English speakers.



At Linguaenglish, we believe that in order for our students to learn effectively, they need to be happy in their surroundings. Our English School helps students by providing safe, comfortable accommodation both in the city center apartments and Host Families. All our efforts here are focused on making your learning experience fun and productive. Our General English courses help students to focus on the 4 main methods of communication: Reading, Writing, Speaking and Listening. Our specially designed English courses are delivered using exciting and vibrant lesson plans which allow students to practice their English in a “real world” environment with students of other nationalities.

Our school runs plenty of cultural, sporting and social activities for our students. Each and every week organizes trips, parties and excursions – so you will never be bored. We also host weekly sports events including football, running and cycling trips.

Dublin is the capital and largest city of Ireland and it is in the province of Leinster on Ireland’s east coast, at the mouth of the River Liffey. Here is a small introduction what the city and region around Dublin has to offer.


© Ryo

Halloween,  also known as Allhalloween, All Hallows’ Eve, or All Saints’ Eve is celebrated every year on the 31st of October by many people all over the world. It is a specific custom related to paganism, a term that developed among the Christian community of southern Europe during late antiquity to describe religions other than their own, Judaism, or Islam, the three Abrahamic religions.

But why did do we celebrate this tradition and what is it’s origin? 

According to many scholars, All Hallows’ Eve is a Christianized feast influenced by Celtic harvest festivals with possible pagan roots. The Encyclopedia Britannica describes Halloween as the following origin:

“In ancient Britain and Ireland, the Celtic Festival of Samhain was observed on October 31, at the end of summer…. The souls of the dead were supposed to revisit their homes on this day and the autumnal festival acquired sinister significance, with ghosts, witches, goblins, black cats, fairies and demons of all kinds said to be roaming about. It was the time to placate the supernatural powers controlling the processes of nature. In addition, Halloween was thought to be the most favorable time for divinations concerning marriage, luck, health, and death. It was the only day on which the help of the devil was invoked for such purposes.”


Initially, it was practiced only in small Irish Catholic settlements, until thousands of Irish migrated to America during the great potato famine and brought their customs with them. To some degree, our modern Halloween is an Irish holiday with early origins in the Celtic winter festival. Interestingly, in American culture, the rise in popularity of Halloween also coincides roughly with the national rise in spiritism that began in 1848.


Why do we trick or treat on Halloween?

The idea of trick-or-treating is further related to the ghosts of the dead in pagan, and even Catholic, history. For example, among the ancient Druids, “The ghosts that were thought to throng about the houses of the living were greeted with a banquet-laden table. At the end of the feast, masked and costumed villagers representing the souls of the dead paraded to the outskirts of town leading the ghosts away.”

trick or treat

Why do we wear costumes on Halloween?

Halloween masks and costumes were used to hide one’s attendance at pagan festivals or—as in traditional shamanism (mediated by a witch doctor or pagan priest) and other forms of animism—to change the personality of the wearer to allow for communication with the spirit world. Here, costumes could be worn to ward off evil spirits. On the other hand, the costume wearer might use a mask to try to attract and absorb the power of the animal represented by the mask and costume worn. According to this scenario, Halloween costumes may have originated with the Celtic Druid ceremonial participants, who wore animal heads and skins to acquire the strength of a particular animal in order to either scare away the ghosts or to keep away from being recognized by them.

Halloween costumes

Why do we use pumpkins with faces on Halloween?

Among the Irish, who, as noted, prompted the popularization of Halloween in America, the legend of “Irish Jack” explains the use of pumpkins in order to symbolize “jack-o’-lantern”. According to the legend, a stingy drunk named Jack tricked the devil into climbing an apple tree for an apple, but then cut the sign of a cross into the trunk of the tree to prevent the devil from coming down. Jack then forced the devil to swear he would never come after Jack’s soul. The devil reluctantly agreed.

Jack eventually died, but he was turned away at the gates of heaven because of his drunkenness and life of selfishness. He was sent to the devil, who also rejected him, keeping his promise. Since Jack had no place to go, he was condemned to wander the earth. As he was leaving hell (he happened to be eating a turnip), the devil threw a live coal at him. He put the coal inside the turnip and has since forever been roaming the earth with his “jack-o’-lantern” in search of a place to rest. Eventually, pumpkins replaced turnips since it was much easier to symbolize the devil’s coal inside a pumpkin.


How did we get the tradition of telling ghost stories?

It became a natural expression of Halloween to tell ghost stories when dead souls were believed to be everywhere, and good, mischievous, and evil spirits roamed freely. These stories further originated as a personal expression of these beliefs.


Here are some terms that might be useful during this the custom festival:

  • Trick or Treat: Children in costumes travel from house to house asking for treats such as candy (or, in some cultures, money) with the phrase “Trick or treat”. The “trick” is a (usually idle) threat to perform mischief on the homeowners or their property if no treat is given to them. It typically happens during the evening of October 31. Some homeowners signal that they are willing to hand out treats, for example by putting up Halloween decorations outside their door. Others might simply leave treats on their porch.
  • Boogeyman (US) /Bogeyman (UK): Imaginary ghost that is used to scare children. (f.ex. “Did you check under the bed for the boogeyman?”)
  • Cackle: to utter a shrill, broken sound or cry, as of a hen
  • Jack-’o-Lantern: is a carved pumpkin, or turnip, associated with the holiday of Halloween and named after the phenomenon of strange light flickering over peat bogs, called will-o’-the-wisp or jack-o’-lantern.
  • Petrify: an extremely frightening experience causing one to be petrified and terrified at the same time.  example:  when I kicked the dead hog in the belly, it split open and baby possums and blood came running out of the inside…I was p-p-p-perified!
  • Spine-Tingling: is a reaction to either being spooked (e.g. an animal sensing danger) or a human hearing/feeling/seeing something so personally moving that it sends chills down their body.”


A group of students from our English school in Dublin visited Dublinia – the Viking and medieval museum. Dublin historians agree that the Vikings played the most important part in establishing Dublin as a town. A small settlement existed before the Vikings arrived to Dublin in the year 840. The Vikings always chose locations on rivers, bays and lakes so that they could use the water for transport and more importantly, protection from enemies! Dublin bay gave shelter and protection that made it the perfect place for Scandinavian Vikings to build a town in Ireland!

The museum is divided into three sections. On the ground floor, it’s all about how the Vikings settled in Dublin. The next floor tells us about the arrival of the Anglo-Normans to Dublin, the building of Dublin Castle and how Dublin became a city of trade and commerce. Dublinia’s exhibition is cool because visitors are encouraged to pick up and examine the different objects around the museum. At the museum there is also the opportunity to enter huts and houses that are exactly how the houses were hundreds of years ago.

One of the most interesting and sad parts of the exhibition comes at the end in the archaeology section. Unfortunately in the late 1970s the Dublin city authorities made the decision to build huge offices on the original site of the Viking settlement at Wood Quay in Dublin. Some of Dublin’s oldest history was lost during this construction and many Dubliners went to the streets to protest. Dublinia tells us this controversial story.

© Rob Hurson

This next trip is going to be a little different! Maybe some of you have already been to Glendalough, famed for its peacefulness and idyllic views.

But have you ever had the time to hike around the largest lake from which the site of this of monastic city derives its name? (Glendalough translates from Irish as the valley of two lakes, Lough is a lake – like Lough Ness – while Glen is a valley, so you guess what da means!)

Our school in Dublin is going to lead our more active students around the upper lake to take in the best views of the area. It’s about a ten kilometer hike and after a short climb at the beginning it is pretty easy going. The hike is fun and you can explore the wonderful nature of Ireland, so stretch your legs and get some fresh air.

If that sounds like too much work for you, you can simply stay and the bottom of the hills and wander around the lakes and old monastic ruins. Either way it promises to be an enjoyable day out!

If you want a taste of what it looks like to hike in Ireland, here’s a nice video showing part of the trek!

A large group of students from our school in Dublin visited the Old Jameson Distillery for a very enjoyable tour. The distillery first opened its doors in the year 1780 and since that time Jameson has gone on to be one of the most widely available drinks in the world. It is no longer an active distillery but the museum is one of the most visited tourist attractions in Dublin and it is easy to see why.


The tour began with a video explaining a little about the history of the distillery. Smithfield is located just outside the city center and at one time, a very large percentage of the people who lived there were employees of the distillery.

The guide informed the group about the triple distilled method used by Jameson that makes Irish whiskey different from Scottish and American whiskey. Many of the old techniques have now been replaced due to technological advances but the same principles are there. During the tour the guide was very informative and answered all of the group’s questions.

Without a doubt, the most fun we had was at the end of the tour when some of the group got to taste the different types of whiskey. American, Scottish and Irish whiskeys were on the table and the students were given a very interesting explanation about why the taste of each whiskey is distinct. We were all given a free whiskey at the end which was just perfect for the cold weather!


© Ian Stannard

The Guinness Storehouse received over 1 million visitors last year making it Ireland’s most popular tourist attraction so the students Linguaenglish Dublin were very excited to visit it. We all know that Irish people love Guinness and this was a great chance to find out more about the drink.

On the way to the storehouse the first thing that most people notice is a distinctive smell in the air. This is the smell of hops (a flower used in Guinness production) burning and it’s a smell that reminds Dubliners of home!

The tour inside the storehouse is an experience that combines the old and the modern. The first thing you see is the different ingredients that are needed in order to produce Guinness. As visitors climb the different levels of the storehouse they learn more about the story of the drink. One level is dedicated to something Guinness always makes a big impression with – it’s advertising. Advertisements from the past and the present are displayed in a gallery.  There is also a section which shows some of the many famous people who have visited the storehouse over the years including Queen Elizabeth II and Barack Obama and his family.


The highlight for many visitors is the gravity bar which provides stunning views of Dublin city. In this bar visitors can enjoy a pint of Guinness in a bar that has 360° panoramic view of Dublin. Croke Park is visible to the north, the Irish Sea can be seen to the east, on the south there’s the Dublin Mountains and to the west is the Phoenix Park. It was the perfect way to finish the tour.


All the football slang you need for a brilliant football evening or weekend in the UK.

Football is a national obsession in Britain and it’s full of weird and wonderful phrases. Here are the most common football expressions explained to help you understand locals when watching a match in the UK. One important rule at the beginning to avoid making a gaffe at the beginning; NEVER EVER call it soccer!


What a howler!

If you find yourself watching the English national team play- this phrase will likely come in handy. This expression is used after someone has made a comical mistake. It is usually attributed to red-faced goalkeepers after failing to stop a shot and sullen-looking players who’ve scored an own goal.




Who’d be a referee?! Almost every decision is met with unrelenting cries of ‘you don’t know what you’re doing,’ and ‘get your eyes tested.’ Disagreeing with the officials is constant in most sports across the world and simply shouting ‘ref’ in disbelief at a dubious decision is commonplace in football.


What a screamer / What a beauty / What a cracker! 

These terms are usually reserved for “snipers” like Gerrard, Messi or Ronaldo, who sometimes score a goal from a long distance that creates pandemonium in the stadium.

That was a sitter / he should have buried that 

A phrase that is used to show shock, sadness and anger as a player misses the simplest of chances to score a goal. Mostly used by really fanatic fans.


We need a clean sheet! 

This phrase doesn’t have anything to do with a basic article of bedding. It football it is often said in hope that the goalkeeper doesn’t concede a goal. Keeping a clean sheet certainly makes it easier to win a game!


It’s time to park the bus

This is an ultra-defensive style of football where teams do anything to preserve their clean sheet. By putting all 11 players behind the ball to thwart the opponent’s attacking threat, and then rarely attacking yourself, is considered to be equivalent of parking a bus in front of your goal.



He was caught ball watching 

These expression is directed to players who are normally technically savvy but just watched the ball and got caught out of position, which will be taken advantage of by the opposition.

ball watching


The wall did its job 

It takes a brave person to stand in a wall. When players stand in a line, 10-yards from a free kick, this is known as the wall. If the wall stands firm and blocks or deflects the ball, they are said to have done their job.



He’s a dead ball specialist

Dead ball situations are when the ball is stationary after a stoppage in the game. A dead ball specialist refers to a player who is able to score from free kicks and penalties or can whip a corner into the penalty box with pinpoint accuracy.


Stay on your feet 

A strange phrase for a sport played on your feet, but fans shout this in 1 against 1 situations when they hope that their player won’t be tackled to the ground.



The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, Teaching, Assessment, is a guideline used to describe achievements of learners of foreign languages across...